Kia Corporation, commonly known as Kia (Korean기아Hanja起亞RRGiaMRKiaIPA: [ki.a]; formerly known as Kyungsung Precision Industry and Kia Motors Corporation), is a South Korean multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Seoul, South Korea. It is South Korea’s second largest automobile manufacturer, after its parent company, Hyundai Motor Company, with sales of over 2.8 million vehicles in 2019. As of 2015, the Kia Corporation is minority owned by Hyundai, which holds a 33.88% stake valued at just over US$6 billion. Kia in turn is a minority owner of more than twenty Hyundai subsidiaries ranging from 4.9% up to 45.37%, totaling more than US$8.3 billion.


According to the company, the name “Kia” derives from the Sino-Korean characters  (ki, ‘to arise’) and  (a, which stands for 亞細亞아세아, meaning ‘Asia’); it is roughly translated as “Rising from (East) Asia.”[6][7][8]


Kia Motors’ South Korean factory
Kia logo from 1994 to 2021

Origins and early expansion[edit]

Kia was founded on June 9, 1944, as Kyungsung Precision Industry, a manufacturer of steel tubing and bicycle parts, eventually producing Korea’s first domestic bicycle, the Samchully, in 1951.[1] In 1952, Kyungsung Precision Industry changed its name to Kia Industries,[9] and later built Honda-licensed small motorcycles (starting in 1957) and Mazda-licensed trucks (1962) and cars (1974). The company opened its first integrated automotive assembly plant in 1973, the Sohari Plant.[10] Kia built the small Mazda-based Brisa range of cars until 1981, when production came to an end after the new military dictator Chun Doo-hwan enforced industry consolidation. This forced Kia to give up passenger cars and focus entirely on light trucks.[11] Kia assembled a few hundred more cars in 1982 and 1983, after the ban had taken effect, but no passenger cars were built in 1984 and 1985.[12]

Prior to the forced 1981 shutdown, Kia had rounded out its passenger car lineup with two other foreign models assembled under license: the Fiat 132[13][14] and the Peugeot 604.[15][16] The import of these knock-down kits was permitted as long as Kia exported five cars for every single Fiat or Peugeot brought in (Hyundai had to meet the same requirement).[17]

Starting in 1986 (when only 26 cars were manufactured, followed by over 95,000 the next year),[18] Kia rejoined the automobile industry in partnership with Ford. Kia produced several Mazda-derived vehicles for both domestic sales in South Korea and for export into other countries – where they were positioned at the budget end of the market. These models included the Kia Pride, based on the Mazda 121 and the Avella, which were sold in North America and Australasia as the Ford Festiva and Ford Aspire. In 1992, Kia Motors America was incorporated in the United States. The first Kia-branded vehicles in the United States were sold from four dealerships in Portland, Oregon, in 1992.[19] Since then, Kia methodically expanded one region at a time. Dealers in 1994 sold the Sephia and a few years later the United States segment expanded their line with the Sportage. Over one hundred Kia dealerships existed across thirty states by 1995, selling a record 24,740 automobiles.[20]

Hyundai Motor Company takeover[edit]

Kia declared bankruptcy in 1997, during the Asian financial crisis, and in 1998 reached an agreement with Hyundai Motor Company to diversify by exchanging ownership between the two companies. Hyundai Motor Company acquired 51% of the company, outbidding Ford Motor Company, which had owned an interest in Kia Motors since 1986.[21] After subsequent divestments,[22] Hyundai Motor Company owns about one third of Kia Motor Corporation. While Hyundai Motor Company remains Kia’s largest stakeholder, Kia Motor Company also retains ownership in some 22 Hyundai Motor Company subsidiaries.[23] Since 2005, Kia has focused on the European market and has identified design as its “core future growth engine”—leading to the hiring of Peter Schreyer in 2006 as chief design officer[24] and his subsequent creation of a new corporate grille known as the ‘Tiger Nose’.[25][26] In October 2006, Kia Motors America broke ground for Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia in West Point, Georgia, representing a US$1 billion investment for the company.[27] Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia opened in February 2010, after Kia recorded its 15th consecutive year of increased U.S. market share.[28] In August 2014, the company received international attention when Pope Francis of the Catholic Church rode in one of their compact cars, the Kia Soul, during a five-day visit to South Korea.[29][30] The Kia Soul drew bigger attention than two other vehicles used by the Pope, their Kia Carnival and Hyundai’s Santa Fe, because it appeared in the high-profile welcoming ceremony of his arrival at the Seoul Airport on August 14.[31][32] In 2016, Kia Motors model reliability was ranked first in the United States by J.D. Power and Associates, becoming the first non-luxury automaker since 1989 to top that list.[33]

Board of Directors[edit]

As of January 2021:[34]

  • Chung Eui-sun, Chairman of Hyundai Motor Group
  • Song Ho-sung, President and CEO of Kia Corporation
  • Jun-Young Choi, Executive Vice President of Kia Corporation
  • Woo-Jeong Joo, Executive Vice President & CFO of Kia Corporation
  • Sang-Koo Nam, Professor of Business Administration at Gachon University
  • Chol-Su Han, Advisor at Yoon & Yang Law Firm
  • Duk-Joong Kim, Advisor at Yoon & Yang Law Firm
  • Dong-One Kim, Professor of Business School at Korea University
  • Wha-Sun Jho, full-time member of the policy department of the Korea Academy of Science and Technology and Professor of Political Science and Diplomacy at Yonsei University

Affiliates and subsidiaries[edit]

Hyundai Motor Company[edit]

As of December 31, 2015, the Hyundai Motor Company owns a 33.88% stake in Kia Motors.[35] Likewise, as of December 31, 2015, Kia Motors is a part owner of 22 Hyundai companies. Its ownership percentages range from 4.9% to 45.37%.[36]

Kia America[edit]

Kia K5

Kia America, Inc. was incorporated in California on October 21, 1992, and became the American sales, marketing, and distribution arm of Kia Corporation. KMA is based in Irvine, California, and currently offers a complete line of vehicles through more than 755 dealers throughout the United States. The first two models that were introduced to the U.S. market in 1993 were KIA Sephia and Kia Sportage 4×4. In the United States, sales began in late 1993 for the 1994 model year. The two models most recently introduced to the U.S. market have both been highly awarded during the short time since their launch: the 2018 Stinger performance sedan gained recognition with J.D. Power’s inaugural Engineering Award for Highest Rated All-New Vehicle[37] as well as Business Insider’s Car of the Year Award,[38] then the 2020 Telluride made its mark several times over by winning major awards from review organizations like Kelley Blue Book,[39] MotorTrend,[40] Hispanic Motor Press ( also awarded the Telluride as the best SUV for 2020, and most recently Edmunds.[41]

As a brand, KMA has continued to improve over the years as well; in 2013, Kia Motors America recorded its 18th consecutive year of increased U.S. market share, and for the past five consecutive years (2015-2019) it has been recognized by J.D. Power as the highest ranked mass market brand in initial quality.[42]

In November 2009, Kia started production at the first U.S. Kia Motors plant, Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia, in West Point. Though the Kia Sorento crossover vehicle was the only model to be assembled there at first, the facility has since expanded its production lines to include the Kia Optima mid-size sedan, now sold as the K5, in 2011 and the just-launched Kia Telluride crossover SUV in January 2019. As of September 2019, the location has successfully built over 3 million units of these three models altogether, and shortly after celebrated another milestone by reaching its 10th year of production in November 2019. Currently, the facility has a production capacity of 340,000 vehicles per year (largely dedicated to the Telluride and Sorento crossover SUVs) and is responsible for distributing them to hundreds of dealerships in the US and Canada, as well as fulfilling shipments across North America and even overseas.[43]

Kia Central & South America Corp.[edit]

Kia Central & South America Corp. is an incorporated division of Kia Corporation in charge of sales and marketing in 43 countries across Central and South America (including Brazil), and the Caribbean. The Regional Headquarter is located in Miami, Florida (US).

Kia Europe[edit]

Kia Europe is the European sales and marketing division of Kia Corporation. It has been selling cars in Europe since the first half of 1991.

In 2007, KME moved from its previous location at Hauptstrasse 185, Eschborn (near Frankfurt), to a new purpose-built facility adjacent to the Messe, in Frankfurt city centre.

When Kia launched in Europe during 1991, it initially sold only the Pride supermini—a rebadged version of the late 1980s Mazda 121. It initially proved popular with buyers. By the end of 1991, Kia had sold nearly 1,800 Prides in the United Kingdom. The first full year, 1992, saw that figure double, and, in 1993, it increased again to nearly 5,500 units. However, sales fell towards the end of the decade, and the end of production was finally announced in May 2000, with its successor – the Rio – not going on sale for another year.

From 1995 to 1999, Kia produced left- and right-hand drive versions of the first generation Sportage SUV at the Karmann factory in Osnabrück, Germany. These have been popular across Europe, but, since 2002, Kia has gained more sales in this market thanks to the launch of the larger Sorento. From 1999 until production of the model ceased in 2003, all Sportage production reverted to South Korea.

The European range also expanded in the spring of 1994 when Kia began importing the larger Mentor, a range of medium-sized hatchbacks and sedans which were marketed as inexpensive and well-equipped alternatives to the likes of the Ford Escort and the Vauxhall/Opel Astra.

A facelift in 1999 saw the Mentor name retained for the saloon (sedan), but the hatchback was renamed Shuma. These models remained on sale until 2004, when the newer Cerato was launched and gave Kia one of its first serious competitors against mainstream brands. The Clarus saloon and Sedona MPV were also launched onto the UK market during 1999, helping Kia begin its rise in popularity.

Despite Kia’s range increasing from one car as late as 1993, to three cars by the end of 1995, British sales actually decreased in that period, from nearly 5,500 in 1993 to less than 4,000 the following year. In 1998, Kia’s future in Britain was thrown into serious doubt when it sold less than 3,000 of its whole range – the worst in any full year on the British market. Kia did not enter Europe’s large family car market until the launch of its Clarus four-door sedan in 1999—a year behind schedule due to the financial difficulties that Kia was facing before it was taken over by Hyundai. This car was similar in size to the Ford Mondeo and the Opel/Vauxhall Vectra, but, on its launch, was actually less expensive to buy than the smaller Focus and the Astra. It had a spacious interior, large boot, competitive asking price, and high equipment levels, but it had little more appeal to sway buyers away from established European brands like FordVauxhall/Opel and Peugeot.

Its successor, the Magentis, launched in 2001, was still nowhere near as popular as Kia might have hoped it would be, although with a sub-£14,000 asking price it offered the cheapest V6-engined car in the UK, by which time it was rare enough for a six-cylinder car to be priced at less than £20,000.

Kia entered the MPV market in 1999 with the Sedona. On its launch, it was the lowest-priced, full-size people carrier on sale in the United Kingdom. With the range expanded by 1999, sales for that year reached almost 6,400 – more than double the previous year’s total. That annual sales figure had almost been matched in 2000 by the end of May, reflecting Kia’s growing popularity with British buyers.[44] By 2009, Kia was firmly established as a popular brand in Britain, when sales broke the 50,000 barrier for the first time and the brand now had a share of more than 2% in the new car market. The Picanto was the most popular single model with nearly 17,000 sales.[45]

In late 2006, Kia opened its first own plant in Europe at a cost of approximately EUR 1.7 billion in ŽilinaSlovakia, in the village of Teplička nad Váhom, after construction between October 2004 and December 2005. It has since produced over 2.5 million units of the Kia Cee’dKia Sportage and Kia Venga, as well as seven types of engines. In 2016, 339,500 cars and 612,915 engines were manufactured.[46] The area of the plant is 166 ha and Mobis Slovakia, the largest supplier, is situated right on the carmaker’s premises. As of December 31, 2016, 3,625 employees worked in the facility, while their average age was 35.[47] The relatively low number of employees working in three shifts is related to a high degree of automation as well as high integration with Mobis Slovakia. In 2016, Kia Motors Slovakia recorded revenue of EUR 5.56 billion. Although the European car market knew significant difficulties, Kia announced increased sales in 2013.[48]

Kia Mexico[edit]

The company has built a $1 billion manufacturing plant in the northern Mexican state of Nuevo León, which produces 300,000 cars a year. Details of the factory, built in the city of Pesquería, were revealed in a joint press conference given by Kia CEO Hyoung-Keun Lee and the President of Mexico Enrique Peña Nieto in Mexico City on August 28, 2014. The plant was expected to be completed in the first half of 2016.[49] This factory is involved in controversies because it was built on unevenly purchased land, and the construction agreement was made with advantage conditions and out of the local dispositions to Kia.[50][51]

Kia India[edit]

The company has entered the Indian market in July 2019[52] with their ‘Made for India’ SUV- SP2 Concept now announced as the global mid-sized SUV Kia SeltosN. Chandrababu Naidu is lauded to have signed an MOU for the government of Andhra Pradesh which came to be one of the biggest FDI’s with a total investment of Rs.12,900 crore. [53] The company has built a production facility on a Greenfield land in Anantpur districtAndhra Pradesh near Penukonda. The annual production capacity is 300,000 units. Kia has appointed Kookhyun Shim as MD & CEO for its Indian arm. In his new role, Shim will be responsible for leading the carmaker’s expansion in the Indian market. Shim will play a leading role in ensuring KI’s projected timeline and schedule of operations is achieved. He also oversaw the construction of Kia’s first manufacturing facility in India, to help strengthen the company’s position in the fifth largest global automotive market. Kia has committed investments to the tune of $1.1 billion to develop operations in India including investing in a network of over 250 customer touch-points that include service, sales and spares establishments.

On 31 July 2020, Kia crossed 100,000 car sales in India becoming the fastest car manufacturer to do so.[54][55]

Kia Lucky Motors Pakistan[edit]

Kia Lucky Motors (KLM) is a joint venture in Pakistan between Kia Motors and Lucky Cement. Kia Lucky Motors Pakistan began selling cars in 2018 when they launched their All New Grand Carnival in Pakistan. In quarter 4 2019, Kia Pakistan introduced two new locally manufactured products known as Kia Sportage and Kia Picanto.[56]

Kia Defense[edit]

Ukrainian Bogdan Group produced KM-450

Kia Motors has specialized in the production of military vehicles with variants and other transportation equipment and by supplying them as a sole maker of military vehicles designated by the South Korean Government since 1976, when Kia Heavy Industry Co. Ltd. (now known as Hyundai Wia) was established. Kia is currently designing a Kaiser Jeep M715-type vehicle named the KM450 for the South Korean Army on license from the U.S. Government. Kia is also the owner of the former ex-Asia Motors factory in Gwangju.


2018 fleet of electric and hybrid-electric vehicles

Sales figures[edit]

Best-selling Kia models in 2021[57]
Rank Model Global sales
1 Sportage/KX5 359,800
2 Seltos/KX3 318,034
3 Rio/K2 241,658
4 Forte/Cerato/K3 241,138
5 Sorento 222,629
6 Optima/K5 207,359
7 Picanto/Morning 168,729
8 Niro 151,122
9 Carnival 124,496
10 Stonic/KX1 106,246


Design emphasis[edit]

In the past, the Kia cars were very neutral. When you saw one on the road, you didn’t really know if it was Korean or Japanese…I think it’s very important that you are able to recognize a Kia at first sight.

— Peter Schreyer[58]

Beginning in 2006 Kia identified design as its “core future growth engine” – leading to the 2006 hiring of Peter Schreyer and to the 2005 hiring Tom Kearns as Chief Design Officer.[24] Schreyer had previously worked at Audi (designing the Audi TT) and Volkswagen and had won the Design Award of the Federal Republic of Germany.[59] Kearns had previously worked at Cadillac as Chief Design Officer and was responsible for influencing Cadillac’s direction of hard angles and sharp lines within their design.[60] Schreyer has since been central to a complete restyling of Kia’s line-up,[61] overseeing design activities at Kia’s design centers in Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Tokyo, and the Namyang Design Center in South Korea.[62] With the Kee concept vehicle, shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show in 2007,[26] Kia introduced a new corporate grille[26] to create a recognizable ‘face’ for the brand. Known as the Tiger Nose, Schreyer indicated he wanted “a powerful visual signal, a seal, an identifier. The front of a car needs this recognition, this expression. A car needs a face and I think the new Kia face is strong and distinctive. Visibility is vital and that face should immediately allow you to identify a Kia even from a distance.”[26] Schreyer described how the Kia Tiger Nose came to be as he explained, “I was just working on the car and just thinking about different possibilities, and suddenly I found it.”[63] Commenting on the new signature grille in 2009: “From now on, we’ll have it on all our cars”.[64] Kia has since featured the Tiger Nose on all of their vehicles, ranging from the compact Kia Soul, on to the edgy new design of the Kia Optima, and to the larger SUV, the Kia Telluride. Kia cars won Road & Travel Magazine‘s International Car of the Year award in 2013, 2014 and 2015.[65]


In late 2012, Kia Motors was forced to admit error in inflating its United States Environmental Protection Agency mileage claims and had to reduce its fuel economy claims in the U.S. by about 3 percent across the board and to offer compensation to previous vehicle buyers.[66]

Nuevo León plant[edit]

Announcement of the Kia assembly plant, Mexico City, 2014

Since 2014, Kia Motors has been involved in controversies in Mexico due to alleged irregularities in the construction of one of its manufacturing plants, located in the municipality of PesqueríaNuevo León. The construction of the plant was done in an irregularly purchased land agreement between Kia Motors Mexico and the State of Nuevo León, then headed by Rodrigo Medina de la Cruz, was signed with unfairly advantageous conditions, such as bigger tax incentives than those allowed by Mexican law (tax exemptions for 20 years when the standard is 5), extended to the Mexican providers of Kia.[50] A copy of the full agreement was published in Facebook by current Nuevo León governor, Jaime Rodríguez Calderón, as part of a prosecution case against Medina[67] and he declared that the signed agreement with his predecessor would be cancelled.[68] A new agreement was then reached with Rodriguez’s administration in June 2016.[69] Former governor Medina de la Cruz and 30 other officials of the former state administration were investigated by an anti-corruption prosecutor for alleged embezzlement, improper exercise of public functions and damage to Nuevo León State assets.[70][71] Medina was then taken into custody on January 26, 2017, in relation to this case and others in which he is involved.[70]


Kia Motors sponsors the following sports teams, events, venues, and athletes:


Sports associations[edit]

Sports events[edit]

Sports teams[edit]




Music events[edit]

Charity events[edit]



  • KIA, The Car That Cares (2000–2006)
  • KIA, The Power To Surprise (2006–2021)[93]
  • KIA, Give It Everything (2019–2021, United States)[94]
  • KIA, Movement that inspires (2021–present, Worldwide)

See also[edit]


  1. Jump up to:a b “Kia History”. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
  2. ^ “Kia | Board of Directors”Kia. September 7, 2022.
  3. Jump up to:a b c d “Kia | Financial Graphs”Kia IR. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
  4. Jump up to:a b c d e “Kia | Financial Highlights”Kia IR. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
  5. ^ “Kia | Employees”Kia. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
  6. ^ “5 Things You Didn’t Know About Kia Motors”Carriage Kia. Carriage KiaArchived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  7. ^ “Kia 品牌徹底研究” from the original on September 2, 2019. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
  8. ^ “What does Kia mean?” Retrieved September 2, 2019.
  9. ^ KIA Motors South Africa Archived September 26, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ “Kia Models”. Archived from the original on August 10, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
  11. ^ “Graduate Information Brochure”. Kia Motors (UK). 2010. p. 5. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012.
  12. ^ Stark, Harry A.; Bush, James W., eds. (1990). Ward’s Automotive Yearbook 1990. Vol. 52. Detroit, MI: Ward’s Communications, Inc. p. 291. ISBN 0910589010.
  13. ^ “Kia history”Kia UKArchived from the original on July 8, 2014. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
  14. ^ “Rising out of Asia” Archived from the original on December 15, 2009. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
  15. ^ “”Archived from the original on April 1, 2014. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  16. ^ “”Archived from the original on October 11, 2012. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
  17. ^ The Internationalization of the Automobile Industry and Its Effects on the U.S. Automobile Industry (PDF), Washington, D.C.: United States International Trade Commission, June 1985, p. 103, USITC Publication 1712
  18. ^ Dackevall, Gunnar, ed. (1988). BilKatalogen 1989 (Swedish edition of German Auto Katalog) (in Swedish). Stockholm, Sweden: PM Press AB. p. 261. 0284-365X.
  19. ^ “Kia Motor Corporation History, News, Sales, and Fun Facts”AutoWiseArchived from the original on October 31, 2019. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  20. ^ “The History of Kia Motors”. Gear Heads. May 18, 2012. Archived from the original on July 31, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  21. ^ “Kia Motors Corporation History”. Funding Universe. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
  22. ^ “Kia Motors Corporation”. October 21, 2010. Archived from the original on November 4, 2009. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
  23. ^ “Kia Motors Shareholders”. Kia Motors. June 30, 2016. Retrieved July 24, 2016.[dead link]
  24. Jump up to:a b “Chief Design Officer Peter Schreyer”. Archived from the original on March 29, 2010. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
  25. ^ “2011 Kia Sorento SX”. Kia Press Release. December 9, 2008.
  26. Jump up to:a b c d “Interview with Peter Schreyer, Chief Design Officer” (Press release). Kia Press. March 2, 2010. Archived from the original on August 1, 2010. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
  27. ^ “Kia Celebrates Grand Opening of $1 billion State-of-the-Art Automobile Manufacturing Plant in Georgia”Press release. Kia Motors Manufacturing Georgia. February 26, 2010. Archived from the original on March 6, 2010. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
  28. ^ “Kia Motors’ State-of-the-Art U.S. Manufacturing Facility is Featured in a Segment of the History Channel’s Hit Series Modern Marvels”. MarketWatch. March 4, 2010. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
  29. ^ Siemaszko, Corky (August 14, 2014). “Pope Francis rides in Kia Soul during visit to South Korea”Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  30. ^ Kelly, Mark (August 14, 2014). “The Pope Takes a Soul to Seoul”. Yahoo! News. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  31. ^ Park, Si-soo (August 15, 2014). “Pope Francis bestows halo on Hyundai-Kia”The Korea Times. Archived from the original on August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  32. ^ Klara, Robert (August 15, 2014). “Pope Francis Ditches his Mercedes for a Kia in Seoul, the Soul gets a big marketing blessing”AdweekArchived from the original on August 18, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
  33. ^ LeBeau, Phil (June 22, 2016). “Kia Just Accomplished Something No Automaker Has Done in 27 Years”CNBCArchived from the original on June 22, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2016.
  34. ^ “Kia’s Board of Directors”. Retrieved January 19, 2021.
  35. ^ “Hyundai Motor Company 2013 annual report” (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  36. ^ “Kia Annual Report by Year”. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
  37. ^ “Kia Stinger and Nissan LEAF Winners of J.D. Power Engineering Awards”SAE InternationalArchived from the original on January 11, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  38. ^ “Kia Stinger Awarded Business Insider’s Car of the Year 2018”Business InsiderArchived from the original on January 11, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  39. ^ “2020 Kia Telluride Earns Top Honors from Kelley Blue Book Awards”Kia MediaArchived from the original on January 11, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  40. ^ “Kia Telluride is the 2020 MotorTrend SUV of the Year”MotorTrend. November 19, 2019. Archived from the original on January 6, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  41. ^ “Kia Telluride Wins 2020 Edmunds Top Rated Award”PR NewswireArchived from the original on January 5, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  42. ^ “Genesis, Kia and Hyundai Are Three Highest-Ranked Brands for Second Straight Year: Highest-Ranking Brands and Models”J.D. PowerArchived from the original on January 11, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  43. ^ “KMMG Celebrates A Decade of Manufacturing”Kia Media SiteArchived from the original on January 11, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
  44. ^ “From the ashes | Motor Industry: News – Jobs – Awards”. June 26, 2000. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
  45. ^ “Kia’s Record Breaking Sales Figures”. Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved April 24, 2011.
  46. ^ “Kia achieves record manufacturing volumes in Slovakia”. January 13, 2017. Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  47. ^ “Annual Reports”Archived from the original on August 21, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  48. ^ Par Romain Baly, le July 23, 2013 (July 23, 2013). “L’Europe sourit à Kia” (in French). Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
  49. ^ “Automaker Kia plans $1 bn assembly plant in Mexico”. Mexico News.Net. August 28, 2014. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
  50. Jump up to:a b Ramos, Mirna (November 20, 2015). “Compra Rodrigo Medina terreno para KIA a dos compadres (Rodrigo Medina bought land to two compadres for KIA)” from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  51. ^ “El exgobernador Rodrigo Medina ingresa al penal de Topo Chico” (in European Spanish). January 26, 2017. Archived from the original on January 26, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  52. ^ “Kia lines up three new cars for India debut”The Times of IndiaArchived from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved August 21, 2017.
  53. ^ “Kia Motors to roll out first India made car today for trials”The Indian ExpressArchived from the original on July 22, 2022. Retrieved July 22, 2022.
  54. ^ Desk, HT Auto (July 31, 2020). “Kia clocks one lakh sales in 11 months since India debut”auto.hindustantimes.comArchived from the original on August 1, 2020. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
  55. ^ “Kia Motors India races to fastest 1 lakh sales ever with Seltos: Sonet coming soon”The Financial Express. July 31, 2020. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020. Retrieved July 31, 2020.
  56. ^ Hasif, Usman (February 1, 2019). “Kia Lucky Motors to start vehicle production by Sept”The Express TribuneArchived from the original on March 29, 2021. Retrieved June 21, 2019.
  57. ^ Kia“Sales Results | IR Library | Kia Global Brand Site” Retrieved January 11, 2022.
  58. ^ Maric, Paul (March 12, 2010). “We Interview Peter Schreyer Head of Design at Kia”. Archived from the original on March 15, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  59. ^ “Peter Schreyer is new Kia Design Director”. July 26, 2006. Archived from the original on July 29, 2018. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  60. ^ [1][dead link]
  61. ^ Ihlwan, Moon (May 21, 2009). “Kia Motors’ Cheap Chic”Business WeekArchived from the original on January 5, 2010. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  62. ^ “Who’s Where: Peter Schreyer to head Kia Design”Car Design News. July 31, 2006. Archived from the original on August 20, 2006.
  63. ^ “Reinventions: How Kia Got Its ‘Tiger Nose'”BloombergArchived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  64. ^ Sloane, Alastair (April 25, 2009). “Kia on the straight and narrow for design of new sedan”The New Zealand HeraldArchived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  65. ^ “Past Winners of the International Car of the Year (ICOTY) Award Winners – 1997 through 2015 : ROAD & TRAVEL Magazine”roadandtravel.comArchived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
  66. ^ “New Kia president has designs on greatness”The Globe and Mail. Toronto. January 9, 2013. Archived from the original on January 9, 2013.
  67. ^ Flores, Lourdes. “Gobierno de NL detecta 33 irregularidades en contrato de KIA (Government of Nuevo León detects 33 irregularities in KIA agreement)” (in Spanish). Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017 – via El Economista.
  68. ^ “Kia’s $1 Billion Mexico Plant Stalls as ‘Brazen One’ Spurns Pact”. Bloomberg L.P. April 5, 2016. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  69. ^ Althaus, Dudley (June 9, 2016). “Mexican State Governor Reaches Incentives Deal Over Kia Car Plant”The Wall Street JournalISSN 0099-9660Archived from the original on September 25, 2016. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  70. Jump up to:a b “El exgobernador Rodrigo Medina ingresa al penal de Topo Chico (Former governor Rodrigo Medina was jailed at Topo Chico prison)” (in European Spanish). Animal Político. January 26, 2017. Archived from the original on January 26, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  71. ^ “Former Mexico governor to face trial tied to Kia tax sweeteners”. Reuters UK. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  72. ^ Giongco, Mark (June 10, 2014). “Kia hires Manny Pacquiao as head coach for PBA team”Philippine Daily InquirerArchived from the original on June 14, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  73. ^ Badua, Snow (August 24, 2014). “Kia finally settles on a moniker for PBA team – and it’s neither Kamao nor Pride”. Archived from the original on August 27, 2014. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
  74. ^ “Azkals Extend Partnership with Kia’s Local Distributor”Top Gear Philippines. June 25, 2012. Archived from the original on July 11, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  75. ^ “Kia Signs Up With Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic”. November 5, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2022.
  76. ^ “New sponsorship deal for Magic netball”. February 24, 2016. Retrieved July 8, 2022.
  77. ^ “Basketball global superstar LeBron James is Kia’s luxury ambassador”Top Gear Philippines. October 16, 2014. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
  78. ^ “Pop up Races | Race Management | Chip Timing | Custom Medals | T Shirt”Archived from the original on December 7, 2019. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  79. ^ De Guzman, Marcus (January 29, 2015). “Watch: Pierce Brosnan Makes an Unexpected Getaway with Kia”. The Clipping Point. Archived from the original on February 2, 2015. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
  80. ^ “Super Bowl: Laurence Fishburne Sings the Sound of Luxury for Kia Ad (Video)”The Hollywood Reporter. February 2, 2014. Archived from the original on February 16, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  81. ^ Lienert, Anita (February 5, 2016). “2016 Kia Optima and Christopher Walken Add Pizzazz to Super Bowl Commercial”Edmunds.comArchived from the original on February 10, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  82. ^ “Kia Motors teams up with K-Pop phenomenon BLACKPINK”. The News Market. January 3, 2019. Archived from the original on January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  83. ^ Zulueta, Allysa Mae (January 4, 2019). “Kia Motors collaborates with K-pop sensation BLACKPINK” from the original on August 7, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  84. ^ “CHASE BRYANT IS FIRST COUNTRY ARTIST FEATURED IN KIA’S “REDISCOVERED” SERIES”Chase Bryant. March 9, 2015. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 12, 2015.
  85. ^ “K-POP Star Hyolyn’s Interview for Kia Soul”. Hypebeast. January 25, 2019. Archived from the original on March 2, 2019. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  86. ^ “Music ‘Rediscovered’ by Matthew Koma at 2015 YTMA”. Kia Motors. January 8, 2015. Archived from the original on March 19, 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  87. ^ “Rock and Roll legend Hall & Oates Rediscovered by MisterWives”. Kia Motors. February 11, 2015. Archived from the original on March 15, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
  88. ^ Ungureanu, Ionut (November 24, 2014). “Kia Partners Up with YouTube again for 2015 Music Awards – Video”. AutoEvolution. Archived from the original on December 28, 2014. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  89. ^ “Kia Motors forges marketing partnership with Kakao’s entertainment wing”. November 6, 2019. Archived from the original on November 6, 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  90. ^ Kia Motors and DC Entertainment Band Together to Create a Fleet of Justice League-inspired Vehicles for Hunger Relief Effort”. DC Comics. October 3, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  91. ^ Dong, Bamboo (December 24, 2014). “Seoul Erects an 8-Meter, 3-Ton Tobot Kia Robot Statue”Anime News NetworkArchived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  92. ^ Joseph, Noah (November 24, 2014). “Kia Sorento bares its claws for X-Men Special Edition”Autoblog.comArchived from the original on November 26, 2014. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
  93. ^ “Brand Identity Statement”Kia Motors Global Site. Retrieved January 10, 2020.[dead link]
  94. ^ “Kia New Slogan 2019”Friendlykia. May 2019. Archived from the original on June 3, 2020. Retrieved June 3, 2020.

External links[edit]